Types of chronic diseases affecting health


Chronic diseases such as diabetes, arterial hypertension, cancer, respiratory diseases – bronchitis and emphysema, autoimmune disease (arthritis), nervous tissues diabetes can lead to complications such as heart attack or stroke.

Diabetes and its treatment

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Diabetes – a metabolic disorder characterized by the inability of the body to break down carbohydrates in the breakdown, which is necessary for normal performance of cells metabolism. It may be hereditary or develop due to the effects on the body of certain substances (eg, hormones, viruses). A healthy person breaks down carbohydrates can produce insulin (the hormone produced by the pancreas).

Arterial hypertension and its treatment

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arterial hypertension – a chronic disease in which high blood pressure. Symptoms include headache, shortness of breath, and dizziness when you stand up quickly. The causes of arterial hypertension can be hereditary predisposition or lifestyle (alcohol abuse, smoking). Arterial hypertension may cause atherosclerosis, kidney disease, and heart disease. Treatment includes exercise and weight control, and also medication.

Cancer and its treatment

Cancer – a group of diseases characterized by uncontrolled growth of cells resulting in the formation of malignant tumors. Cancer cells begin to divide uncontrollably, which can lead to death if untreated. One of the main symptoms of cancer is the emergence on the body of lumps or tumors. There are many types of cancer, most common are breast, colon, lung, and prostate cancer. Early diagnosis of this disease can save your life! Talk to your doctor if you have any strange symptoms. Treatment includes surgery, chemotherapy, and radiation therapy (in the case where the tumor is inaccessible).

Respiratory diseases – bronchitis and emphysema

respiratory diseases – a group of diseases that affect the lungs and respiratory tract. The usual symptoms, in this case, are shortness of breath, wheezing, and cough in the morning when you first wake up. Respiratory disease may be acute or chronic. The causes include allergies, smoking, and occupational hazards. Acute respiratory diseases may be caused by the flu or colds. Chronic diseases such as bronchitis and emphysema can lead to death. Treatment of chronic respiratory diseases includes Rehabilitation, medications, and oxygen therapy (if diagnosed with COPD).

Autoimmune disease (arthritis)

Autoimmune Disease – a chronic disease in which the body’s immune system attacks its cells and tissues. Usually, this disorder affects joints, but it can also affect other organs such as the kidneys or liver. The most common type of arthritis – rheumatoid arthritis (RA). Symptoms include pain and stiffness in one or more joints that tend to increase over time and worsen with the experience of physical effort. RA is typically symmetric (affects joints on both sides of the body), and in most cases it attacks women. The cause remains unknown, but there is thought to be a genetic predisposition. Treatment includes medication and an active lifestyle will help to reduce pain and improve mobility.

Nervous tissues and diabetes

diabetic nerves – a chronic disease that affects the nervous system in people with diabetes. Diabetes can be manifested as diabetic neuropathy, which is characterized by pain and numbness in the hands or feet. The greatest risk of developing this type of nerve damage, peripheral (nerves outside the brain and spinal cord). If untreated may develop muscle weakness, decreased reflexes, and problems with the digestive tract. Treatment includes exercise and medication.

Diseases of the digestive system

digestive diseases – a group of disorders that affect the organs of digestion (stomach, intestines, liver). Symptoms depending on the disease may be stomach pain, vomiting, or diarrhea. Digestive system disorders can be acute (for example, food poisoning) or chronic (inflammatory bowel disease). The causes of digestive diseases are mostly unknown, but it is believed that in some cases may cause anxiety and stress. Treatment includes a special diet, antibiotics, and anti-inflammatory medications.

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