A long term chronic Depression Dysthymic Disorder

dysthymic disorder

Dysthymic disorder, also known as persistent depressive disorder (PDD), is a long-term (chronic) form of depression. Dysthymia may not be as severe as major depression, but it lasts longer and can prevent you from functioning normally or from feeling good about yourself and your life.

The signs and symptoms of the dysthymic disorder

A woman standing in front of a mirror posing for the camera

Depression is a common but serious mood disorder. It causes severe symptoms that can affect how you feel, think, and handle daily activities, such as sleeping, eating, or working. To be diagnosed with dysthymic disorder, you must have a depressed mood for most of the day, for more days than not, for at least 2 years.

Signs and symptoms include:

Persistent sad, anxious, or “empty” mood

Loss of interest or pleasure in activities you once enjoyed

Decreased energy or fatigue

Moving or talking more slowly than usual

Feeling hopeless, irritable, guilty, or worthlessness

Trouble concentrating or making decisions

Sleeping too little or too much

Changes in appetite — weight loss or gain unrelated to dieting

Thoughts of death or suicide, or suicide attempts

Physical symptoms such as headaches, digestive problems, and chronic pain don’t respond to treatment.

Dysthymic disorder can begin at any age, but most often it starts in childhood or during the teen years. The condition rarely occurs in people over the age of 40. Women are affected more often than men. People with dysthymic disorder may also have major depressive episodes during their lifetimes. When this happens, it’s called “double depression.” Double depression is a more serious and long-lasting condition than major depression alone.

The Causes of the Dysthymic disorder

There are many possible causes of dysthymic disorder, including both psychological and environmental factors. Some experts believe that it may be caused by a combination of these factors. It’s thought that dysthymic disorder may be more likely to develop if someone has a close family member with the condition. Additionally, people who have experienced traumatic or stressful events in their lives may be more susceptible to developing dysthymic disorder. Psychological factors that may play a role in the development of dysthymic disorder include low self-esteem, negative thinking patterns, and a pessimistic outlook on life. Environmental factors that may contribute to the development of dysthymic disorder include chronic stress, financial difficulties, or relationship problems. While the exact cause of the dysthymic disorder is not known, there are many possible contributing factors. If you think you may be at risk for developing a dysthymic disorder, it’s important to talk to your doctor or mental health professional. They can help you identify the signs and symptoms of the condition and provide you with treatment options.

The treatments of dysthymic disorder

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the best treatment for dysthymic disorder will vary from person to person. However, some common treatments for dysthymia include therapy, medication, and lifestyle changes.

Therapy is often an important part of treating dysthymia. This type of treatment can help you understand your condition and how to manage it. There are a number of different types of therapy available, so you can find one that fits your needs.

Medication may also be prescribed to help treat dysthymia. This could include antidepressants or other medications that are designed to improve mood. It’s important to work with your doctor to find the right medication and dosage for you.

Finally, lifestyle changes can also be helpful in managing dysthymia. This might include things like getting regular exercise, eating a healthy diet, and getting enough sleep. Making these changes can help improve your overall mood and well-being.

To prevent dysthymic disorder

There is no one definitive answer to this question, as the best way to prevent dysthymic disorder may vary from person to person. However, some tips on how to prevent dysthymic disorder may include:

● See a mental health professional if you are experiencing symptoms of dysthymia. A therapist may be able to help you understand and manage your condition.

● Take steps to improve your overall moods, such as exercise, relaxation techniques, and healthy eating.

● Identifying and addressing any potential triggers for your dysthymia. This could include stressors at work or home, difficult relationships, or negative thoughts and self-talk.

● Spending time with positive people who make you feel good about yourself.

● Practicing self-care, such as getting enough sleep, taking breaks during the day, and avoiding excessive alcohol or caffeine.

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